The Australian-American Fulbright Commission is a non-profit organisation, established in Australia through a binational treaty between the Australian and United States governments in 1949 under the auspices of the United States Educational Foundation in Australia (USEFA). The program was initially funded from U.S. Government credits acquired in Australia from the sale of surplus war materials. In 1963, the two governments established the Australian-American Education Foundation as a successor to USEFA, to be funded equally by the two parties. The operational name changed to the Australian-American Fulbright Commission in 2000.
The mission of the Commission is:
"to further mutual understanding between the people of Australia and the United States through educational and cultural exchange"
This is primarily achieved through the administration of Fulbright Scholarships to support students and scholars – chosen for their academic merit and leadership potential – to research and study in each others countries, exchange ideas and develop bilateral relations and connections to address common issues.
The primary funding of the Fulbright Program in Australia is provided by the Australian and United States governments. This core funding is supplemented by the generous support of a select group of sponsors including companies, organisations and government agencies.